Intercountry Adoption Australia; Ad hoc Adoptions


Dear Adele

Our department is the Australian central authority for intercountry adoption under the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Intercountry Adoption. We are responsible for the establishment and management of Australia’s intercountry adoption arrangements, and for related policy. We work closely with the state and territory central authorities, which are responsible for the delivery of adoption services, including the assessment and approval of individual intercountry adoption applications.


As you note in your letter, Romania is currently only accepting intercountry adoption applications from Romanian citizens and from relatives (within the fourth degree of kinship to the child for whom a domestic adoption proceeding has been approved). Under Australia’s current intercountry adoption arrangements, applicants who fulfil these requirements may already apply to adopt from Romania through either the relative adoption or ad hoc adoption processes. In both cases, applicants must fulfil the requirements set by their state or territory central authority and Romanian authorities, and  their state or territory central authority must agree to facilitate the adoption. Applications for ad hoc and relative adoptions are considered by state and territory central authorities on a case-by-case basis.


Australians with Romanian citizenship who wish to adopt a child from Romania may consider submitting an ad hoc adoption request. Ad hoc requests refer to applications to adopt a child from a country Australia does not have a programme with, but where the applicants can demonstrate a significant link to the country of origin (including Australians adopted from Romania). A fact sheet about the ad hoc adoption process is available on our website: Intercountry adoption policies and key documents).


Australians who wish to adopt a relative child from Romania may consider submitting a relative adoption application. The fact sheet (also available on our website) provides more detail about the relative adoption process.


The first step in both processes is for prospective adoptive parents to contact their local state or territory central authority. Contact details for the state and territory central authorities can be found on the Australian, state and territory central authorities page of our website.


Australian Families for Children is currently accredited to provide specific intercountry adoption services in NSW, including training prospective adoptive parents, assessment of the suitability of persons to adopt a non-citizen child, and post-placement support. AFC is not currently authorised to provide intercountry adoption services in overseas countries.


Thank you again for writing to us on this matter.


Kind regards




Intercountry Adoption | Access to Justice Division
Australian Government Attorney-General’s Department
National Circuit | Barton ACT 2600
Tel +61 2 6141 3217 | Fax +61 2 6141 324